East End Eco-Ventures

Join us to explore the east end of Long Island through nature-based outdoor adventures and educational activities.

Long Island’s Terrestrial Mammals

Friday, October 13 at 7:30 pm
Peconic Lane Community Center

1170 Peconic Lane, Peconic NY (map)

Join North Fork Audubon for Mike Bottini’s presentation on Long Island’s terrestrial mammals, from the tiny least shrew to the white-tailed deer, with interesting natural history facts for each species, including updates on the status and distribution of river otters and coyotes here on the Island.

Summer 2017 Nature Paddles

July 22, 2017   (9 am – 11 am)  Nature Paddle in Sag Harbor’s Back Bays

Join this nature paddle with wildlife biologist Mike Bottini to learn about the coves, bays, salt ponds and tidal creeks that comprise the northern terminus of the Long Pond Greenbelt, and efforts to better protect the native flora and fauna found there. Sponsored by the South Fork Natural History Society; register with them at 631-537-9735.

Contact Mike for kayak and SUP rentals (631-267-5228 or mike@mikebottini.com)

MEET: Cove Road. Heading towards Sag Harbor on the Bridgehampton – Sag Harbor Turnpike, turn left onto Glover Street, turn left onto Redwood Road, continue past the WLNG radio station (one your left). The next right is Cove Road.

August 5, 2017  (9 am – 11 am)   Alewife Brook Nature Paddle

Timed to ride the tail end of the incoming tide from Northwest Harbor to Alewife Pond, and return on the ebb tide. Alewife Brook is one of the most scenic stretches of water on the east end. Learn about the area’s history and ecology with wildlife biologist Mike Bottini. sponsored by the South Fork Natural History Society; register with them at 631-537-9735.

Contact Mike for kayak and SUP rentals (631-267-5228 or mike@mikebottini.com)

MEET: at the end of Alewife Brook Road, one mile past the entrance to Cedar Point County Park.

September 16, 2017  (9 am – 11 am)   Georgica Pond Paddle

This nature paddle coincides with peak migration of the Monarch Butterfly. Learn about the conservation issues facing this amazing creature, whose numbers have plummeted in recent years, as we look for evidence of their recovery with wildlife biologist Mike Bottini. Sponsored by the South Fork Natural History Society; register with them at 631-537-9735.

Contact Mike for kayak and SUP rentals (631-267-5228 or mike@mikebottini.com)

MEET: Montauk Highway rest area just east of Wainscott (east of Rte. 27 and Wainscott – Stone Road intersection)

June 2017 Nature Paddles

Sagg Pond Paddle with Peconic Land Trust
Friday June 9, 2017
NOTE: this trip is full

Northwest Creek Nature Paddle with South Fork Natural History Society
Saturday June 24, 2017
9 am – 11 am
We’ll search for two very different estuarine species that will be laying eggs during this month. Timed to coincide with the new moon high tide, the ancient and interesting Horseshoe Crab should be visible laying eggs during the late morning high tide. We will discuss current conservation concerns related to Horseshoe Crabs, their important ecological role in the ecosystem, and some of their unique features for life in the estuary. June is also nesting time for our native turtles, including our year-round resident of the estuary: the Diamondback Terrapin. We will look for evidence of their nests on shore, and discuss current conservation efforts to protect this species. Please register at South Fork Natural History Museum: 631-537-9735

Napeague Harbor Paddle with East Hampton Trails Preservation Society
Thursday June 29, 2017
6 pm – 8:30 pm
A one mile paddle along the scenic state parkland bordering the east side of Napeague Harbor to Goff Point for a BYO picnic, and return by the light of the setting sun. Bring a flashlight for packing up and dress for a cool evening on the water. Contact Mike (mike@peconic.org or 631-267-5228) if you need to rent a kayak or SUP. Meet at the end of Napeague Harbor Road.

NOGO is still around…

If anyone is interested in a viewing of an immature Norther Goshawk, please let me know. We are not often graced with the appearance of this rare accipiter, and I feel a need to share the experience with anyone who desires to connect with a bird of prey. Although it has been difficult losing several beloved hens during the past few months, I feel blessed to have been introduced to and humbled by this beautiful species.

Here’s a short clip:

We now have two species enjoying the chicken harvest. We processed and ate one of the hens taken out by the goshawk as well as a few of the flock that didn’t make the cut (older hens no longer laying). Here’s a short clip (warning: may be graphic for some viewers):


Finally, Some Winter Tracking

I’ve recently been on the lookout for a solid example of gray squirrel striping. Gray squirrels tend to utilize the most gnarly tree in their territory to use as a scenting/marking post, so you’d expect they would be hard to miss. Perhaps my search image is not quite developed enough yet… The only other tree I’ve found in the area with this sign is the distinguished (and diseased) American Chestnut on the Center Trail in Stony Hill which is a very distinctly shaped tree that is hard to go unnoticed, especially being adjacent to the trail. However, I only noticed the gray squirrel striping on its main trunk last winter after I was introduced to this gray squirrel-specific behavior. Below is another example of this behavior that I found in Stony Hill on an oak (also diseased) with a very distinct, large burl. Notice the reddish color on the underside of the burl as well as the darker tint beneath the burl on the lower section of the trunk.

photoUpon closer inspection, I found the reddish color was actually gray squirrel teeth marks exposing the inner bark. The darker coloration below that is believed to be the result of the squirrel rubbing the side of it’s mouth/cheek on the bark for scenting purposes. 

Further along on my adventure, I spotted a gray squirrel scat at the base of another oak, along with some tracks and an exposed acorn cash giving it away.


This may be the most fresh squirrel scat I have found yet.


Along with lots of gray squirrel, perhaps the most abundant track and sign was that of white-tailed deer. Below is a fresh antler scrape on a sapling with the tracks of the buck continuing up the hill to the left. I apologize for the picture quality…


Here, you can see the bark shavings freshly scattered on the snow beneath the sapling. photo-3

I’m going to do my best to keep these tracking posts coming, especially when we have snow.

Montauk Natural History Weekend

Snowy Owl, Walking Dunes, winter 2013 weekend (Joe Costa photo).

           Snowy Owl, Walking Dunes, winter 2013 weekend (Joe Costa photo).

Montauk Winter Weekend

January 13 – 15, 2017

Winter is a quiet time but also peak birding and seal-watching time. Hike the bluffs, “Walking Dunes”, beaches, Hither Woods, Napeague Dunes, and visit the Montauk seal haulout site. Weekend accommodations (Friday and Saturday nights) are at the Montauk Manor House with an indoor heated pool, jacuzzi, sauna, exercise room, and a spacious lobby where we meet. Suites are large with kitchen, living room, bedroom; some are duplex and many have 2 baths, 2 separate entrances.


Field Trips: Montauk Bluffs and Lighthouse (ocean beach); Seal Haulout / Oyster Pond; Walking Dunes at Hither Hills; Camp Hero Woods & Bluffs; Napeague Dunes and Beach; Big Reed Pond State Park; Point Woods streams and bluffs; Mickey’s Great Geology Walk; Birding by Car (on very cold days).

All hikes are fairly easy and we stop to talk about flora, fauna, history, etc.

Cost: $395 includes 2 nights (double occupancy; additional $140 for single room), 5 meals, 5 guided hikes, 2 evening programs and star watch, plus free pickup at LIRR station.

If you’d like to just join us for the nature walks, meet in the lobby of the Montauk Manor (8:30 am for the morning walk; 1:30 pm for the afternoon walk); $10 per person fee.

Trip Leaders: Mickey Cohen, Don Riepe and Mike Bottini

To register, send check to:

American Littoral Society

28 West 9th Road

Broad Channel, NY 11693

For more info & reservations call (718) 474-0896 or e-mail ALS chapter Director Don Riepe at: don@littoralsociety.org.

This is a partnership program with American Littoral Society and NYC Audubon.

Bittersweet encounters with a magnificent creature

My introduction to the Northern goshawk will never be forgotten. I arrived at the farm one morning, and instantly, as I glanced toward the chickens, a large accipiter cruised elegantly above the treeline of the autumn olives and plunged down effortlessly directly into the chicken area. Without a thought, I was off running, leaping over the fence to the rescue.  The large hawk had a hen pinned on the ground. A part of me hesitated. Do I allow this creature it’s meal? Do I save my hen? I continued forward, unsure, and the hawk released her and flew off as I approached. Tragedy averted. I was relieved, but I knew it would be back. I had just interfered with lunchtime.

Indeed, upon returning later in the day, the hawk was deep into a hearty chicken dinner. I carried the carcass to the top of the ridge, as an offering (and hopefully the last) to whatever powers that be – and to the hawk who I felt deserved to finish its meal. It returned within seconds. It had surely been watching my every move. I began planning for additional hawk protection. The half-covered in netting pasture area wasn’t cutting it. A few days later, another hen down. This one was fresh when I arrived, and being thanksgiving time, I took this one with me for dinner. The most delicious chicken I have ever tasted.

I’ve since lost a few more chickens and am working on solidifying a setup to keep them protected while allowing them some decent pasture. A tricky balance…

I didn’t realize at the time, but the Northern goshawk is a very rare visitor to our area – most birders have never seen one here. At first, I’d just assumed I had a Coopers hawk on my hands, but upon photographing, looking carefully at the photos and passing them along to some birder friends and colleagues, I had confirmation of a goshawk. I’ve spotted several predator hawk species and even bald eagles in the area, however, none have come close to posing a threat to the chickens. However, the goshawk is especially agile in thick woods, which serves as my main protection for the chickens, keeping the rest of the aerial predators at bay. Had this been ANY other species… Well, its not. Of all potential visitors to the farm, I get the goshawk.

As I welcome this opportunity to spend plenty of quality time with such a magnificent creature (i.e. 15 minutes just this afternoon sitting comfortably within 5 feet of the feasting beauty),  I have been forced to put my ego aside and alter my design for a chicken paddock system I was so proud to have created. This is just one of many humbling experiences continuing to enlighten my ever-evolving, co-creating relationship with the land.

The chicken or the egg


What came first? The chicken or the egg? I’m not sure either… but meet the ladies! Day-old chicks arrived via USPS in May –  a small, peeping box of pure adorable-ness.

brooder-1It seemed as though you could see their growth daily. Plenty of fresh greens and veggies to supplement their diet, along with garlic and apple cider vinegar in their water weekly to boost their immune systems. I avoid vaccinations and medicated feeds.chick-forageAs soon as we had some warm days, the chicks were out foraging for the day.chick-lovin

A feathered friend.


Finally, their house was completed and the chicks were soon to begin their new life at the farm.


Moving day was a nice way to get to know the surprise rooster a little better.

The move was a fun group effort.  

I savored every moment.


Fresh pasture – this couldn’t be a happier flock.

Fishing net provided a initial attempt at protection from hawks.


Caught in the act – dust bath. to-the-farm

Their forage area consists of diversity of vegetation: from open grassy areas to edges transitioning to dense shrub layers which provide some shade and protection from hawks.  fence-line-grass

Rotating their forage area allows them fresh forage. Here, you can see the contrast in vegetation cover where the fence line was set up.


Chicken’s-eye view. 

Visitor’s-eye view.

And finally: eggs!